Main Article Content
The article is devoted to the evolution of the image of abyss from the myth and Bible to the romantic poetry, where it gets art characteristics. The image of the abyss is present at all stages of the human culture development, beginning from the Babylon myth about the origin of the Earth (III century BC) and later the Bible, in the folklore and the literature of the Middle Age up to the modern time. At the New Age due to the subjectivation of the culture the image of abyss receives some psychological aspect. The study of preromantic and romantic poetry permits to follow the changes in its semantics, the emergence of new nuances of meaning.